Assessment of Phytoremediating Potential of Aglaonema commutatum Schott for Indoor Pollutants

Seemaa Ghate

Abstract


Indoor pollution is a major threat in today's world. Potential of Aglaonema commutatum
Schott (Chinese evergreen) as a Phytoremediator, was tested against the gaseous
pollutants released from household products like mosquito coil, joss (incense) sticks and
naphthalene balls. The indoor pollutants released from these products are very
dangerous to our health. These gases may affect our respiratory system, nervous system
etc. Potted indoor plants were exposed to the pollutants. After exposing these plants to
selected indoor pollutants, they were monitored with respect to visible symptoms,
Pollution Indication Index (PII) and Gas Liquid Chromatography (GLC). The experiments
were repeated thrice. Amongst all products tested, Aglaonema was found more tolerant
to pollutants released from mosquito coil than other two products studied. It showed no
visible injury after exposure, Pollution Indication Index was 0. After exposure, when
plant extracts were analysed on Gas Liquid Chromatography (GLC) it showed many
peaks of new compounds absorbed by the plant as compared to control. However,
phytoremediation of Indoor pollutants using Aglaonema commutatum is still under
research phase where understanding of which exact compounds are absorbed by the
plant, how it translocates, and metabolizes is required.

Keywords


Food and Drug Administration, Herbal medicine, Herbal slimming adulterants, HPTLC, Natural herbalmedicines, Phenolphthalein, Rimonabant, Sibutramine hydrochloride, Yohimbine

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18811/ijpen.v2i1-2.6622

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