Constraints to cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata L.) production in peri-urban area of Saharsa district in Bihar

AJEET KUMAR, ASHWINI CHOUDHARY

Abstract


Vegetables are the integral part of the balanced diet of human since time immemorial. Globally,
the role of vegetables has been recognized in solving the problem of food and nutritional
security. A survey conducted to assemble baseline information on farming practices to cabbage
production in peri-urban area of Saharsa district.Structured questionnaires used to elicit
information from cabbage farmers, where cabbage is intensively produced. The level of
education among the growers was low as only 6.67 per cent had secondary education. Majority
of the growers (68%) did not own the lands, thus, resulting in approximately 65 per cent of
them cultivating less than one acre of cabbage. Majority of cabbage farmers (61.67 %) planted
cabbage on raised beds. Cabbage production was characterized by high use of inorganic
fertilizer (NPK). Seventy-three per cent farmers employed the watering cans in cabbage
production. Farmers in their quest to mitigate the high insect pest infestation and problems
such as wilting of plants, leaf curl and leaf spots resorted to high frequency of pesticides
application. The information gathered from this study would form the basis for the formulation
of an integrated pest management (IPM) as well as integrated nutrient management (INM)
strategy to enhance environmentally sustainable production of cabbages. This would reduce
environmental degradation and ensure maximum protection for human well being.


Keywords


Constraints, Cabbage, pests, IPM

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