Stature estimation using minimum Armamentarium in Himachali population: A Cross sectional study on Odontometry and skull Anthropometry
Keywords: Foot length, Forensic dentistry, head anthropometry, odontometry, minimum armamentarium, stature estimation.
AbstractBackground: When the body has been mutilated or fragmented in case of mass destruction and disasters, it is common to have head or extremities to get separated from the trunk. In relation with forensic odontology, an estimate must have been made to correlate osteometry along with odontometry in determining gender and race. Aim: To investigate the relationship between stature of a person with the diameter of the skull, the circumference of the skull, combined mesio-distal width of the maxillary anterior teeth, the length of the maxillary central incisor as well as with the length of foot using minimum and easily available armamentarium . Materials and Methods: The study was conducted in 100 subjects (50 males and 50 females) who visited the department of Oral Medicine and Radiology of from June, 2019 to August, 2019 for diagnostic and treatment purposes. Hundred model casts of patients were made to measure the width of the maxillary anterior teeth and the length of the maxillary central incisor. The circumference of the head, the diameter of head (distance from glabella to inion) the length of the foot and height were measured with the help of non- stretchable measuring tape. The selected parameters were measured and then correlated to estimate the stature from anthropometric and odontometric data of the skull by using linear regression analysis. Results: The selected parameters on linear regression analysis were found to be statistically significant for estimation of stature. Highly significant correlations were found between the stature, the head diameter and the length of foot in males. Conclusion: The present study showed that linear regression equations from the skull and odontometrics parameters can be used to estimate the stature. However longitudinal studies with larger sample size and appropriate apparatus should be done to substantiate the results in a specific population.
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