हिन्दू संस्कृति में पेड़-पौधों का धार्मिक, आध्यात्मिक एवं वैज्ञानिक महत्व


Abstract


The life of entire universe is governed by the five great elements (Panch Mahabhutas) which
includes Earth, Water, Fire, Sky and Air which are existed in nature. All living things are
composed from these five great elements. This fact is mentioned in various Hindu Holy Scriptures
such as Vedas, Puranas, Ramayana, Mahabharat, Manusmrirti, Shrimad Bhagvat Gita
etc. All living and non living things are existed in nature are entirely interconnected or interdependent
to each other. Presence of sufficient living and non living things make sound
and sustainable ecosystem. Therefore our ancient sages and hermits linked natures components
such as plants, animals, rivers, mountains, forests etc to the worship in Hindu religion
for sustainable utilization and conservation for generation to generation.
The forests are regarded as 'Lungs of Earth' and 'Living Oxygen Cylinders' and provide fresh
air, water, clean and green environment, maintain food chain and food web etc and also full
fill all basic requirements such as food, medicine and shelter. But now due to the various
anthropogenic factors, the forests are depleting fast from the nature, while importance of
plants/forests has been described by ancient sages and hermits in various Holy Scriptures
of Hindu religion. Importance of plants has been proved by modern research. In the present
communication, the details are given.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.29320/sjnpgrj.v2i01.11040

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