Login or Register to make a submission.

Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

General Guidelines

  1. General guidelines
  • Submissions are accepted in English only.
  • The optimal length for a research paper is between 3000-6000 words only.

A title page is a separate page before the text begins. The title page must include:

  • Title: Concise and informative. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.
  • Author names and affiliations: Please indicate the given name and family name. Below the names, present the authors’ affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done). Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript immediately after the author’s name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name and, if available, the email address and telephone number of each author.
  • Corresponding author: Mention who is willing to handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. Ensure that telephone numbers (with country and area code) are provided in addition to the email address and the complete postal address.
  • Sponsoring information: Please indicate if the research is sponsored or supported by an organization.

General Rules for Text

Use the following rules for the text, including abstract, keywords, heading and references.

  • Front: Times New Roman; Font Size: 12 (English)
  • Paragraph Spacing: Above paragraph – 0 pt.; Below paragraph – 6 pt.
  • Line Spacing: fixed – 12 pt. (or double-spaced)
  • Page Margins & Size: One-inch margins on single-sided A4 or 8.5 x 11-inch paper
  • Heading 1: Times New Roman; Size-12; Non-Italic & Bold; for example


  • Heading 2: Times New Roman; Size-12; Italic; for example, 1.1 Research Methods
  • Heading 3: Times New Roman; Size-12; non-Italic; for example, 1.1.1 Analysis Result.

Subdivision of the article: Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be 1., 2., (then 1.1, 1.1.1, 1.1.2), 1.2, etc. (the abstract is not included in section numbering). Use this numbering for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to ‘the text.’ Any subsection, ideally, should not be more than 600 words. Authors are urged to write as concisely as possible, but not at the expense of clarity.

Manuscript Preparation

All manuscripts should be in Microsoft Word format, in Times New Roman, font size 12 for English, typed in double space and one-inch margins on single-sided A4 paper. In the case of quantitative/experimental work, the author(s) must specify the purpose of the study. The text of observational and experimental articles should usually be divided into the following sections with the headings, such as Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion, to clarify their content. All pages of the manuscript should be numbered consecutively at the right corner of the page.

The Title page (page-1 must contain the title of the article, name(s) of the corresponding author(s), telephone, and email address of the author responsible for correspondence. It must also contain the source(s) of support received in the form of grants, equipment, or drugs. The word count should include the text of the article only (excluding abstract, acknowledgements, figure legends, and references). This page should also indicate the number of figures used in the article. Page 2 must contain only the article’s title, abstract and keywords. Page 3 onwards must contain the actual article beginning with the title and ending with References.

Abstract: An abstract is a concise summary of the entire manuscript. A concise and factual abstract is required (maximum length of 350 words). The abstract should briefly state the research’s aims, methods, results, and major conclusions. From the abstract, a reader should be able to make out the article’s content. Hence, it requires the special attention of the author. An abstract is often presented as separate from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. 

Keywords: Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 8 keywords, avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, ‘and’, ‘of’).

Introduction: The main purpose of the introduction is to provide the background or context of the study (i.e., the nature of the problem and its significance). State the specific purpose or objective of the study. Provide a brief but appropriate historical backdrop and the contemporary context in which the proposed research question occupies the central stage.

Methods: Methods section must briefly describe what was done. Describe the source population and the selection criteria for study participants. Identify the methods, apparatus, and procedures in sufficient detail to allow other workers to reproduce the results. Authors submitting review manuscripts should describe the methods for locating, selecting, extracting, and synthesizing data. Describe statistical methods with enough detail to enable a knowledgeable reader with access to the original data to verify the reported results.

Results: Authors must avoid repeating in the text all the data provided in the tables or illustrations and graphs as an alternative to tables with many entries or duplicate data in graphs and tables. This section must focus on scientifically appropriate analyses of the salient data.

Discussion: This section must emphasize the new and important aspects of the study and the conclusions that follow from them. It is useful for experimental studies to begin the discussion by briefly summarizing the main findings and then exploring possible mechanisms or explanations for these findings. Compare and contrast the results with other relevant studies, state the study’s limitations, and explore the implications of the findings for future research and clinical practice.

References: References must be written according to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th edition) guidelines. Responsibility for the accuracy of bibliographic citations lies entirely with the authors.

  • Citations in the text: Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Avoid citation in the abstract. Unpublished results and personal communications should not be in the reference list but may be mentioned in the text. The citation of a reference as ‘in press’ implies that the item has been accepted for publication.
  • Citing and listing of web references: As a minimum, the full URL should be given. Any further information, if known (author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given. Web references can be listed separately (e.g., after the reference list) under a different heading if desired or included in the reference list.
  • Text: Citations in the text must follow the referencing style used by the American Psychological Association. You can refer to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (Sixth Edition).
  • List: References must be arranged alphabetically and then sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters “a”, “b”, “c”, etc., placed after the year of publication.

Use the text’s author/date system of reference (e.g., Chomsky, 1997). Gather the references alphabetically after the text, using last names and first initials.

Original Articles: Original articles must report research work which has not been published and is not under consideration for publication elsewhere.


Section default policy

Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.

Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.